In this section I will post key words which are relevant for this project and for understanding the Landscape of Resistance
By now, you can find: Ecofeminism, Social Ecology, Cultural Activism, Action Research, Oral History, Environmental Justice, Environmentalism of the poor, Popular Epidemiology, Environmental History, Garbage, Maps
The word of today is:
"Ecofeminism is a social and political movement claiming a considerable common ground between environmentalism and feminism, with some currents linking deep ecology and feminism" (Wikipedia).
Irene Hoetzer, Ecofeminism and Environmental Justice
"Social ecology advocates a reconstructive and transformative outlook on social and environmental issues (...). As a body of ideas, social ecology envisions a moral economy that moves beyond scarcity and hierarchy, toward a world that reharmonizes human communities with the natural world, while celebrating diversity, creativity and freedom" (from the website https://www.social-ecology.org/)
"What defines social ecology as social is its recognition of the often-overlooked fact that nearly all our present ecological problems arise from deep-seated social problems. Conversely, our present ecological problems cannot be clearly understood, much less resolved, without resolutely dealing with problems within society. To make this point more concrete; economic, ethnic, cultural, and gender conflicts, among many others, lie at the core of the most serious ecological dislocations we face today — apart, to be sure, from those that are produced by natural catastrophes" (from M. Bookchin, What is social ecology?)
Murray Bookchin, Social Ecology versus Deep Ecology: A Challenge for the
To change the world we need to change our narratives about it. Cultural activism is a way to empower individuals and communities struggling for recognition and not just compensation.
Some materials on cultural activism:
Jennifer Verson, Why we need cultural activism
Paul Lichterman, Piecing Together Multicultural Community: Cultural Differences in Community. Building among Grass-Roots Environmentalists, Social Problems, Vol. 42, No. 4. (Nov., 1995), pp. 513-534.
this video documentary is a good example of cultural activism: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbUKs9qAH2w
Garbage is a matter of place. Where to place it is the big issue. Here area few maps of the Campania disaster. Building maps is building space and giving meanings to places. Mapping territory is a strong exercise of the governamentality project. But there are also other kinds of maps which can become a powerful tool of resistance.
Articles about mapping as a way of resiting:
Derek Denniston, Defending the land with maps
Rob Kitchin and Martin Dodge, Rethinking maps
One may think that the definition of garbage is too easy and thee is no question about it. Instead, what is garbage and what is not can be a very controversial issue. Obviously, what is garbage is a historical production; cultures shape the borders between garbage and no garbage. And garbage is not just what we can see but also the invisible heritage that the capitalistic culture of production and consumption (of course not only the capitalistic one, but then we should discuss whether there has ever been a different culture from that of the unlimited growth...)
Mikael Drackner, What is garbage Waste Management and Research 23:3 (June 2005)
A special issue on Garbage in Social Research 65:1 (1998)
Tim Cooper, Recycling modernity
Large part of this project is made around the collection of stories from activists. You will find information about ACE (Ecological Conflicts Archives) in the webpage dedicated to it .
Here we want to present some materials about Oral History as methodological tool.
A basic introduction to Oral History is Judith Moyer's Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History
An example of a Research Center on Oral History
Here an example on how to use oral history in environmental history: Javier A Arce-Nazario Landscape Images in Amazonian Narrative: The Role of Oral History in Environmental Research
Here are a list of oral history project in Environmental justice:
Donald Worster's podcast about environmental history
A definition of environmental history
McNeill's review essay on the discipline
A timeline of environmental history
Action research: LARES aims to be an action research project. But what does it mean?
Here are some readings about action research:
Mary Brydon-Miller, Davydd J. Greenwood and Patricia Maguire explain why action research
Robert Bullard explains the history of the environmental justice movement
Environmental of the poor:
Joan Martinez Alier: https://www.unrisd.org/unrisd/website/document.nsf/8b18431d756b708580256b6400399775/5eb03ffbdd19ea90c1257664004831bd/$FILE/MartinezAlier.pdf